Gynecomastia is a term that describes the swelling of male breast tissue caused by a drop in testosterone levels relative to oestrogen levels. The disorder impacts one or both breasts and can appear in newborns, adolescents, and older people due to natural hormonal changes.
How do I know if I have gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia affects more than half of all male. The condition is born due to their mother’s oestrogen, and the enlarged breast tissue typically goes away within three weeks. Hormonal fluctuations during puberty are a frequent cause of gynecomastia, which usually recovers on its own after six months to two years.
The disease is most likely to occur in older people aged between 50 and 80, with a quarter of this age category affected. Men’s testosterone levels begin to drop as they get older, and they also put on weight.
‘How to know if you have gynecomastia?’ is a commonly asked question! Reduced testosterone may allow the glands in the breast to swell, and gaining weight causes fatty tissue to accumulate underneath the breast, leaving the person with more glandular tissue and fat in the breast. Since fat cells are estrogenic, this extra fat will further disturb the testosterone-estrogen balance.
Gynecomastia is not usually a severe problem, but it can be hard to deal with because it can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. The disorder may improve without treatment, but your doctor may suggest medication or surgery if it does not.
Aside from regular hormonal modifications, anabolic steroids, androgens, anti-androgens, anti-anxiety medicines, antibiotics, chemotherapy, heart medications, and AIDS drugs are all instances of drugs that can induce gynecomastia. So if you are consuming these medications, the answer to ‘how to know if I have gynecomastia?’ is right in front of your eyes! Other factors include using drugs like alcohol, marijuana, methadone, opium, and amphetamines, as well as health problems like hyperthyroidism, renal failure, liver disease, and malnutrition, and the use of herbal products like tea tree or lavender shampoos, lotions, or soaps.
People often ask, ‘how to know if you have gynecomastia’ or, in simple terms, ‘how to know if you have man boobs?’ The answer is simple. It depends on the symptoms and includes
- The expansion of one or both breasts is the most common symptom of gynecomastia. The swollen glandular tissue affects both breasts typically, but it may also affect only one. In relation to the nipple, breast development may be uniform or irregular. It can have a rubbery or solid texture. The development may appear just behind the nipple.
- When touched, the breast or nipple can be painful or tender. It’s one of the vital symptoms of ‘how to know if you have gynecomastia or fat‘.
- A breast bud, the size of a quarter or nickel, can develop in one or both breasts in boys. These are normal in boys during puberty, and they can last up to two years.
- It’s important to differentiate between gynecomastia and male breast cancer. Just one breast is usually damaged when cancer is present, and the tissue is not always hard or solid. Dimpling of the skin, nipple discharge, nipple retraction, and swollen lymph nodes under the arms are all signs of cancer.
- A breast abscess is another issue that can cause male breast swelling, although that is uncommon in men. Temperature or chills can develop in those who are affected. The swelling may be extremely painful and hot to the contact, and the skin around it may appear bright red.
How to know if you have gyno or chest fat? Well, if you experience the symptoms mentioned above, you may need a doctor to evaluate and confirm that you have gynecomastia.
How to know if I have gynecomastia – Evaluation of symptoms
A doctor may want to know the length of the expansion if secondary sexual features are fully developed. In addition, they would check whether there is any connection between puberty and the onset of growth. Any breast symptoms like nipple discharge or discomfort and genital symptoms like erectile dysfunction or lowered libido are checked while examining a male patient with enlarged breasts.
When treating the patient, the doctor would look for signs such as losing weight or weakness, which may be triggered by kidney failure or hyperthyroidism; discolouration of the skin, which may imply liver or kidney disease; cognitive or mood swings, that could signify hypogonadism; and hair loss, which may suggest malnutrition.
Outlook of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia isn’t necessarily linked to long-term issues, although those who experience it have a five-fold increased risk of developing male breast cancer relative to the general population. It is most likely due to the hormonal changes that cause gynecomastia, raising the risk of male breast cancer.